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The Future of Solar: What is a Grid Interactive PV System?

Dec 28, 2021

Soneva Fushi PV-Diesel Hybrid System

Soneva Fushi PV-Diesel Hybrid System

The future of solar energy considers two widely known technologies for converting solar energy into electricity - photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP) - because solar PV plants typically last for decades. Between now and 2050, these categories of technology will dominate solar power generation.


With mechanical upgrades, economies of scale, and lower solar cell/module costs,  grid-interactive frameworks generate clean energy from the unlimited energy of daylight. Grid-interactive inverters can also use other renewable energy sources, such as wind or hydroelectric power. When the sun is shining, the PV system charges its deep-cycle solar cells and feeds all the sufficient clean power into the power matrix via the inverter. When there is no solar power at night, the frame can draw power from the grid. When an impact failure occurs, the inverter draws clean power from the solar panels and batteries to meet the power needs of your home or business.


What is Grid Tied?

It is a kind of sun-oriented inverter that is fit for taking care of the converted energy into the main power grid by matching their corresponding phase and frequency.


The concept is straightforward: the system is connected to the grid and made possible by your current utility grid. Solar panels at a Solar PV plant collect the sun’s energy to power your home, and any overflow is directed back to it. Unlike an off-the-grid or standalone setup, the solar panels add tandem along with your current system. The flexible nature of this technique is what leads this to be the foremost widely used and popular option for those seeking to create the transition to solar energy.


The Benefits

Easily feeds energy into the grid

Easy to install


Copes with high power demand


What is Grid-Interactive?

They are also known as stand-alone inverters since they are absolutely autonomous for adjusting with a solar panel. They receive energy for conversion from batteries that are charged with the help of photovoltaic arrays. This type of solar inverter is utilized in distant regions, where individuals wish to live totally off the network.


In a grid-interactive system, that inverter could be a much smarter, more agile device, capable of doing three things as hostile as the one-trick grid-tied inverter:


Like a grid-tied inverter, it can convert solar-generated DC power to AC power.

 It can also function as a battery charger and store energy in a battery framework intended for private and business applications.

It can convert battery-produced DC during an outage into usable AC power and charge those batteries during the day from the panels or a generator.


Grid-tied vs Grid Interactive

The main difference between the two system options isn’t what happens when the local power grid is functioning normally, but what happens when the power is out or fluctuating.


There are two reasons why grid-tied systems can't do anything in these situations. First, for safety reasons, they need to be disconnected according to national and international industry safety standards. Second, facility fluctuations in the energy generated by solar panels caused by changes in cloud shadows, wind, trees, and natural light make it impossible to use this off-grid enhanced raw power to power anything in the home or office directly from the panels.


In contrast, grid-interactive PV systems with bi-directional energy transfer capabilities can be tied to the local energy utility when it benefits the user, and drop out when it does not. When customers want to reduce their energy costs and consumption, they can rely primarily on renewable energy sources, turning to the grid only when they need to add clean, self-generated power or recharge their energy reserve framework. In this way, grid interactions allow consumers and commercial users to rely heavily on cost-cognitive energy while maintaining a natural sense of attention and responsibility.